ENERGY / POWER

Silhouette of a alectrical substation and setting sun, La Muela, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain

ENERGY / POWER

When it comes to most buildings, the conventional fire and building goes are just fine. They do not, however, provide enough coverage when the buildings in consideration are electric plants or energy facilities. In these cases, and to make sure that the buildings stand up to safety codes and design, there is a need to have minimal risk and minimal downtime in case some sort of problem arises. The best engineering practices come from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards: NFPA 850.

The full name for NFPA 850 is the Recommended Practice for Fire protection for Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations. This standard is the one that electrical plants need to follow when they are being designed and engineered. The forth chapter of this guide requires a Fire Protection Design Basis Report to be filled out which helps to evaluate the facility for hazards. This is filled out by a qualified fire protection engineer. All of the following features need to be considered: water supply, automatic fire protection, fire barriers, alarm systems, and any method of protection for facilities that are going to be left unattended for an extended period of time. It is of paramount importance that these facilities remain operational and risk is mitigated.

When it comes to system design and the Fire Protection Design Basis Report for energy facilities, the Kord Fire Protection can do it all. Clients are provided both expert advice and knowledge regarding NFPA 850 and other NFPA standards. Common sense approaches along with best-practices for engineering in these power plants and energy facilities are exactly what is needed and they are exactly what Kord Fire Protection bring to the table.

HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS

High-rise building under construction. The site with cranes against blue sky

HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS

As soon as a building goes over seventy five feet, the buildings codes, including the International Building Code and NFPA 101, begin to change the requirements of that building when it comes to safety. These are then known as high-rise structures. The reason for this is pretty simply: When a fire happens in one of these buildings, there is a high level of difficulty in the response of the fire department when dealing with the fire.

Thus, it is important that the fire protections that are in place inside these high buildings has to include a few unique things: a fire pump, voice evacuation alarm systems, fire access elevators, occupant evacuation elevators, fire sprinkler risers, pressurization in the stairs, an emergency generator, and a smoke control system. Most of the time, licensed engineers will also have to submit a special Fire Protection Report which helps to detail everything that is added to the building to protect in the occupants and structural integrity.

As a building code consultant, the Kord Fire Protection will assist in the identification of code requirements for high-rises which are based on both the local ordinances and the building codes themselves. Additionally, draft variances, egress drawings, and designs including the locations for fire and smoke barriers are included. Everything that a project requires to completely meet all high-rise safety requirements are provided for clients by the Kord Fire Protection

OFFICE BUILDINGS

Office building, Englewood, Colorado

OFFICE BUILDINGS

Typically speaking, offices are some of the lowest risk buildings for fire and life safety. The reason for this is that the people who are inside the building are already relatively familiar with where they are and they are both alert and prepared to get out of the building if anything was to happen. Additionally, the hazards which are located inside of these buildings are not as dangerous as those which could be found in other facilities.

For some reasons, logistical and otherwise, office buildings are usually higher than average in terms of real estate price. Not to mention the density of employees and the presence of important and valuable data. With that in mind, the occupant loads in these types of buildings can, and usually are, higher than they might be on others. Usually, it takes an expert in building codes to come in and create egress drawings in order to help determine the right travel path for the occupants of the building in the case of an emergency. Unique solutions must also be created in the event that the stairs exceed their capacities. In those cases, there has to be another horizontal exit that is created as an alternate for the stairs.

Kord Fire Protection is able to create code analyses for these types of buildings. Among the services that they offer are building code consulting, site and egress analysis, and fire code consulting. They also attempt to provide the highest possible level of quality in the service that they provide by negotiation with Authorities Having Jurisdictions where that needs to be provided. Full fire protection system designs are also available for all types of office buildings.

 

GALLERY MALL / RETAIL

Panoramic view of a modern mall

GALLERY MALL / RETAIL

Much like office buildings, the people who are inside many retail buildings, like malls, are usually able to quickly get on top of any emergencies that arise, fire or otherwise. On the other hand, they are not as familiar with the area that they are in like those people in offices would be. Beyond that, the sheer volume of goods that are found in these locations are another hazard that must be overcome, particularly in fire hazard scenarios. Even worse than that, all occupants could become a potential source of revenue, so the higher the number of occupants, the more chance there is for revenue to come in.

Due to the occupant load and the hazards caused by merchandise, Kord Fire Protection is often trained in order to help mitigate any threats to property and life. The exit capacity can be analyzed to find the fastest and most efficient ways to get the occupants inside out to safety. Computer models can be developed in order to use egress analyses and find bottleneck locations for exit during hazardous situations.

SINGLE & MULTI-UNIT RESIDENTIAL

Elegant home, Palo Alto, California

SINGLE & MULTI-UNIT RESIDENTIAL

The occupants who are found inside residential facilities are almost always going to be familiar with their surroundings. If they are asleep, however, they cannot respond as quickly as they would otherwise be able to. This risk is something which is not typically present in most other buildings. Residential areas often have stoves, cooking equipment and other ignition sources which can further increase risk.

NFPA 72 is the governing document which helps to govern safety in these areas. Notification speakers need to have a certain minimum pressure of sound, typically 75 decibels, in every area where people sleep. Strobe lights are also common. Additionally, there need to be smoke barrier construction considerations, 1 hour rated corridors and floor to ceiling assemblies and, in areas which are transient, smoke detection alert systems.

Kord Fire Protection is able to provide analyses for all residential buildings. This analysis can include everything from times egress analysis to fire and building code consultations. The large goal here is to make sure that all of the residents in these buildings are completely aware of any potential fire or smoke when it enters the building and to help prevent the spread of existing smoke and fire.

WAREHOUSE / STORAGE FACILITIES

High rack shelving in distribution centre

WAREHOUSE / STORAGE FACILITIES

Warehouses usually do not have the same load in terms of total occupants than many other buildings would. They do, however, have a higher than normal load of combustible fuel. Thus, it makes sense that the systems that are designed to extinguish fires in these types of facilities need to be able to output more effort than those designed for less specialized facilities.Additionally, there are concerns which Kord Fire Protection can help address. These include things such as fire code analysis, building code analysis, and the water output of fire sprinkler systems. These analyses are based on the requirements which are set forth in NFPA 13. They also complete analyses which revolve around the fuel load and the configuration of the warehouse itself.

Additionally, attention can be provided by the Kord Fire Protection with regard to sprinkler design or alternative fire protection systems.

DEFENSE / MILITARY GOVERNMENT

Aerial view of fort sumter, where the american civil war started

DEFENSE / MILITARY GOVERNMENT

The construction, design, planning, sustainment, and modernization for all military buildings is controlled by a document which is known as the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC). This document states that “major projects require the services and review of a qualified fire protection engineer. Projects involving design or modification of, fire rated construction, fire detection, fire suppression, or life safety systems require the services and review of a qualified fire protection engineer.”

Because of the fact that defense facilities are more vulnerable than others, the construction standards for these types of facilities is higher. These buildings have to be constructed out of non-combustible materials and they need to have additional easily warning systems which can alert personnel to the potential of a problem. Everyone component in Department of Defense facilities also have to have a full scaled design. The point here being that the typical design, then build, systems are not allowed to be used for these.

These full scale designs are often provided by Kord Fire Protection. This includes a full third party review, the inspections which must be done by third parties, judgements on engineering, and fire code and building code consulting for various military projects.

EDUCATION

EDUCATION

Due to the general nature of the thing that is being protected, that being children, facilities which operate for the purpose of education usually require higher levels of safety than most other facilities would. Generally speaking, children have to rely on building staff to help with evacuation as well, since they are incapable of thinking through the required actions for themselves.

Due to the unique way that schools are built and operated, construction requirements and building codes for schools are often much more strict than they would be for some other facilities. It should come as no surprise, then, that fire protection and life-safety additions are usually high priorities in these type of facilities. Most governments and areas also have additional life-safety features which must be included.

Fire alarm systems designed particularly for educational facilities can, and often are, provided by Kord Fire Protection.

HIGH - TECH

High-tech technology background

HIGH – TECH

Usually, the thing that is vulnerable inside of a high-tech facility is not the equipment itself. The thing that is most vulnerable are the costs incurred due to the loss of the transactions and time if a server was to fail. Estimations have shown that many large banks can lose over one million dollars for every minute the computer systems that they operate are not functioning. Thus, there is no hesitation when installation of the best detection systems on the market is concerned.

Due to the lower occupant load and relatively low fuel load in these facilities, the potential for loss of life and fire exposure to the properties adjacent to the facility is also minimal. Thus, the building codes do not have any special or unique features with regard to fire protection necessary to protect those buildings. It is, however, usually in the interest of the owner to protect these high-tech facilities by purchasing a high quality alarm system.

Kord Fire Protection is often hired on retainer in order to design and install fast detection systems or clean agent systems in order to provide quick fire detection and suppression. This helps to minimize the amount of cleanup that is required and helps lower the potential of damage occurring through water based fire suppression systems.